Esophageal Cancer

This cancer forms in tissues lining the esophagus, the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach. Two types of esophageal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma—cancer that begins in flat cells lining the esophagus—and adenocarcinoma—cancer that begins in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids.


  • Painful or difficult swallowing
  • Weight loss
  • Pain behind the breastbone
  • Hoarseness and cough
  • Indigestion and heartburn


Different treatments are available for patients with esophageal cancer, including clinical trials of new treatments for patients with cancer.

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