Nausea and Vomiting

Home Care Management of Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea is a sick or queasy feeling in your stomach.  Vomiting is when you throw up food or liquids.  Vomiting may occur without nausea and even when you have had nothing to eat or drink. It may or may not occur as a result of cancer therapy.  Sometimes nausea and vomiting may result from conditions such as infection, bacteria in food, viruses or cancer itself.

 

Homecare Instructions

  • Sip cold, clear liquids slowly
  • If tolerating clear liquids, begin eating bland foods such as toast and crackers
  • Seek out foods that you like or that taste good to you
  • Eat foods cold or at room temperature to decrease smell and taste
  • Eat small, frequent meals
  • Avoid odors, loud noise and stress when eating
  • Suck on hard candy such as lemon drops or mints
  • Sit upright and rest for at least one hour after eating
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Distract yourself with soft music, television or a quiet loved one
  • Rinse with salt or tap water after eating
  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day
  • Perform relaxation exercises
  • Take prescribed anti-nausea (anti-emetic) medication as instructed by your nurse or physician

 

Report the Following Problems

  • Nausea that lasts for more than 24 hours
  • Nausea that persists even after you have taken anti-nausea medication
  • Dry mouth or excessive thirst
  • Dizziness, blurred vision or extreme weakness
  • Headache
  • Abdominal pain, swelling or heartburn
  • Call immediately if you experience confusion
  • Call immediately if you experience projectile vomiting